Cataracts are very common in older people, which can occur in either or both eyes. The lens of the eye becomes opaque or cloudy causing blurred vision. The eyes may be more sensitive to glare and light, and colours may seem faded or yellowed. Double vision may also occur.
All our ophthalmologists perform cataract surgeries at the Wyndham Clinic.
Retinal and vitreous problems can cause severe vision loss or even blindness. Macula hole, epiretinal membrane, vitreo-macular traction all belong to this group of retinal disorders. Vitreo Retinal surgery can help restore, preserve and enhance vision for these conditions.
Retinal detachment is caused by small tears or splits in the retina that allow fluid inside the eye to seep through, pulling the retina away from the bed it is lying on. Retinal detachment is an emergency situation – the longer it goes untreated, the greater your risk of permanent vision loss in the affected eye.
Sometimes the nerve cells of the macula (small part of the retina) become separated from each other and pull away from the back surface of the eye forming a hole. This causes a decrease in the ability to see fine details when looking directly at an object and the appearance of a dark spot across the middle of the field of view. Surgery is successful in closing the hole in more than 90 percent of patients.
Strabismus is a failure of the two eyes to maintain proper alignment and work together as a team. One eye looks directly at the object you are viewing, while the other eye is misaligned inward (esotropia, “cross-eyed”), outward (exotropia, “wall-eyed”), upward (hypertropia) or downward (hypotropia). This eye turn may be constant or intermittent. Strabismus in children does not go away on its own, so treatment is necessary.
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD), commonly known as macular degeneration, is an eye disease that affects people over 50 years of age. It affects the most sensitive part of the retina which enables us to see fine details. Symptoms include a gradual or sudden decline in the ability to see objects clearly, distorted vision, dark or empty spaces blocking the central field of vision, dimming of colour vision and visual hallucinations.
Diabetic retinopathy is a common complication of diabetes . One third of patients with diabetes have some kind of diabetic retinopathy and one third of these have sight threatening diabetic eye disease. It remains one of the leading causes of vision loss in the working age group despite the availability of effective treatment. If you have diabetic retinopathy, at first you may not notice changes to your vision, but over time, it can get worse and cause vision loss. Hence, screening for diabetic retinopathy is a must.
Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide affecting 1 in 8 Australians over 80. It is the name given to a group of eye diseases in which the optic nerve at the back of the eye is slowly destroyed. There are many factors that contribute to the final damage of the nerve in the eye; currently the eye pressure is the only modifiable factor.
Oculoplastic and lacrimal surgery is a sub-specialty of ophthalmology which focuses on disorders of the eyelids and tear-drainage system. The surgery includes correction of eyelid malpositions (e.g. entropion, ectropion, ptosis, lid retraction due to thyroid eye disease), treatment of ingrowing eyelashes, removal of tumours of the lids and surrounding tissues and reconstruction of these tissues following tumour excision or trauma.
Corneas can be damaged through inflammation, degeneration, allergies, infections, injuries and inherited-dystrophies. Treatments may range from lifestyle adjustments, such as eliminating allergens, the use of various drops, to refractive surgeries and corneal transplantation. Diagnosis is often achieved using the latest imaging technologies available.